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Optical properties of tin-antimony-selenium based amorphous thin films

A. Hasbi, Hasbullah and Sakrani, Samsudi and Ahmad, Nor Azlina (2005) Optical properties of tin-antimony-selenium based amorphous thin films. Solid State Science and Technology, 13 (1 & 2). pp. 46-54. ISSN 0128-7389

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Abstract

Tin-antimony-selenium (TAS) based amorphous belong to the ternary chalcogenide compounds of IV-V-VI group, exhibiting semiconducting properties that could be applied for optical devices in photo-conductive sensor and infrared transmission detectors. The materials were previously studied with emphasize on the structural properties separating the amorphous, a and crystalline regions, c. This paper reports the optical properties of TAS measured using UV spectrophotometer observe the respective absorption spectrum over the visible and near infrared regions and determine the bang gap energies from the plot absorption edges. TAS samples were prepared from granular Sn, Sb and Se of purity 5N using a technique called solid-state reaction. In this method starting materials were thermally evaporated at a pressure of 10-5 mbar onto glass substrate as Sn/Se/Sb/Sn stacked at a substrate temperature of 240 oC. The system employed was a vacuum coater model E306. the spectrum observed from the absorption-wavelenght plots appeared to be a steady decrease in the visible region followed by a sharp drop and a further gradual declining down to near infrared at 2100 nm, with absorption coefficient,  varying from 6.21 x 103 to 1.55 x 105 cm-1 for film thickness between 50 nm to 700 nm, respectively. The corresponding optical band gap,Eg obtained from the graph (h)2 versus h resulted in Eg between 1.47 eV to 1.69 eV which were dependent of film thickness. The value of other optical properties namely refractive indices, extinction coefficient, effective mass and dielectric constant was also being determined and were found to be 2.55-2.85, 0.1x10-2 – 1.1x10-2, 1.42x10-33 kg and 0.006-8.094, respectively. These values varied with the film thickness.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Tin-Antimony-Selenium, amorphous, thin film
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions:Science
ID Code:2891
Deposited By: Samsudi Sakrani
Deposited On:11 Apr 2008 03:40
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 03:05

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