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Characterization of surface-modified porous PVDF hollow fibers for refinery wastewater treatment using microscopic observation

Yuliwati, E. and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Matsuura , T. and Kassim, Mohd. Azraai and Abdullah, M. S. (2011) Characterization of surface-modified porous PVDF hollow fibers for refinery wastewater treatment using microscopic observation. Desalination, 283 (1). 206–213. ISSN 0011-9164

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.02.037

Abstract

Microscopic observation was made to investigate the surface structure of porous polyvinylidene fluoride hollow fiber membranes. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and the Guerout-Elford-Ferry equation applied for pure water permeation rate were used to determine the average pore sizes. As well, surface roughness parameters and nodule sizes were determined by AFM. The observed unmodified and modified PVDF hollow fiber membranes were prepared by dry-jet wet spinning method from spinning dope mixtures containing 19 wt.% PVDF, 0.98 wt.% lithium chloride (LiCl.H 2O) and 0, 1.95, and 3.85 wt.% titanium dioxide (TiO 2). Significant difference of spun fibers surface morphology was observed between inner and outer surface by AFM and FESEM. Higher TiO 2 concentration formed rougher surfaces, increased average nodule sizes, and decreased the pore size, resulting in lower permeation flux. Pore size obtained from AFM was intermediate between FESEM and the method based on the Guerout-Elford-Ferry equation.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:atomic force microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, hollow fiber membranes, membrane pore size, surface roughness
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:28835
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:29 Nov 2012 07:04
Last Modified:29 Nov 2012 07:04

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