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Characterization and absorbing properties of oil palm empty fruit bunch filled poly (acrylic acid-co-acrylamide) superabsorbent polymer composites

Razak, N. E. S. A. and Hashim, Shahrir and Rahmat, Abdul Razak (2011) Characterization and absorbing properties of oil palm empty fruit bunch filled poly (acrylic acid-co-acrylamide) superabsorbent polymer composites. Sains Malaysiana, 40 (7). pp. 789-794. ISSN 0126-6039

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Abstract

Oil palm empty fruit bunch graft poly (acrylic acid-co-acrylamide) superabsorbent composite (OPEFB-g-(PAA-co-PAM) SAPC) was synthesized by graft copolymerization of the acrylic acid (AA) and acrylamide (AM) comonomer onto OPEFB fibre using ammonium persulfate (APS) and N,N-methylene bisacarylamide (MBA) as an initiator and crosslinker, respectively. The absorbency in various chloride salt solutions indicated that the absorbency decreased with increasing ionic strength of the salt solutions. Moreover, the absorbency under load (AUL) of SAPC was investigated at various applied loading and results show that, AUL decreased with increasing applied loading. Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) were carried out to confirm the chemical structure and thermal properties of the synthesized superabsorbent, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:absorbency under load, graft copolymerization, OPEFB, superabsorbent composites, swelling behaviour
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:28834
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:29 Nov 2012 07:00
Last Modified:29 Nov 2012 07:00

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