Nor Anuar, Aznah and Salim, Mohd. Razman and Ujang, Zaini and Mark, van Loosdrecht (2008) The process of aerobic granulation for simultaneous removal of organics and nutrients in wastewater treatment. In: Advances in Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies. Penerbit UTM, Johor, pp. 160-176. ISBN 978-983-52-0580-4
Official URL: http://www.penerbit.utm.my/bookchapterdoc/FKA/book...
Before World War II, only several municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants were built, mainly consisting of mechanical separation and settling tanks. These treatment systems could be extended with anaerobic tanks for sludge stabilisation. The first generation of activated sludge systems was built in the 1920’s, after the study on suspended growth treatment and the discovery of activated sludgeby Arden and Lockett in 1914 (de Kreuk, 2006). A number of activated sludge processes and design configurations have evolved since its early conception as a result of : (1) engineering innovation in response to the need for high quality effluents; (2) technological advances in equipment and process control; (3) increased understanding of microbial processes and fundamentals; and (4) the continual need to reduce capital and operating costs for municipalities and industries.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||wastewater treatment, aerobic granulation|
|Subjects:||T Technology > T Technology (General)|
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
|Deposited By:||Fazli Masari|
|Deposited On:||17 Aug 2012 04:00|
|Last Modified:||17 Aug 2012 04:00|
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