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Analyzing accuracy and accessibility in ICT ethical scenario context

Masrom, Maslin and Salam, Zainal and Rashidah Nural, Anuar and Ramlah, Hussein and Norshidah, Mohamed (2010) Analyzing accuracy and accessibility in ICT ethical scenario context. In: Proceedings Of Knowledge Management 5th International Conference 2010, 2010.

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Abstract

Recently, the development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is indispensable to life. The utilization of ICT has provided advantages for people, organizations, and society as a whole. Nevertheless, the widespread and rapid use of ICT in society has exacerbated existing ethical issues or dilemmas, and also led to the emergence of new ethical issues such as unauthorized access, software piracy, internet pornography, privacy protection, information gap, and many others. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to discuss several issues of the ICT ethics. It will focusing on two major issues, that is, data accuracy and accessibility. Several computer ethics scenarios that relate to the data accuracy and accessibility are presented, and the results of analysis are then discussed. 1.0 INTRODUCTION The misuse of computer and, information and communication technology (ICT) and unethical behavior towards ICT have caused significant losses to society and business (Leonard & Cronan, 2005). It continues to be one of the major problems in the current age. Computer Ethics is a branch of practical philosophy which deals with how computing professionals should make decisions regarding professional and social conduct. The term " computer ethics " was first coined by Walter Maner (Maner, 1980; Walter, 1996) in the mid-1970s, but only since the 1990s has it started being integrated into professional development programs in academic settings. The conceptual foundations of computer ethics are investigated by information ethics, a branch of philosophical ethics established by Luciano Floridi. Computer ethics is an important topic in computer applications. Information ethics is the field that investigates the ethical issues arising from the development and application of information technologies. It provides a critical framework for considering moral issues concerning informational privacy, moral agency (for example, whether artificial agents may be moral), new environmental issues (especially how agents should one behave in the infosphere), problems arising from the life-cycle (creation, collection, recording, distribution, processing, etc.) of information (especially ownership and copyright, digital divide). Information Ethics is related to the fields of computer ethics (Tucker, 1991) and the philosophy of information. Ethical issue or dilemma is a situation that will often involve an apparent conflict between moral imperatives, in which to obey one would result in transgressing another. It is regarding the life of information are becoming increasingly important in a society that is defined as " the information society ". Information transmission and literacy are essential concerns in establishing an ethical foundation …

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:ICT, computer ethics
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions:Razak School of Engineering and Advanced Technology
ID Code:27157
Deposited By: Mrs Liza Porijo
Deposited On:27 Jul 2012 08:59
Last Modified:23 Jul 2017 12:49

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