Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Bio-composite nonwoven media based on chitosan and empty fruit bunches for wastewater application

Sadikin, Aziatul Niza and Mohd. Nawawi, Mohd. Ghazali and Othman, Norasikin (2010) Bio-composite nonwoven media based on chitosan and empty fruit bunches for wastewater application. In: International Conference On Advances In Materials And Processing Technologies, Pts One And Two, 2010, Paris, France.

[img] PDF
70Kb

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3552378

Abstract

Fibrous filter media in the form of non-woven filters have been used extensively in water treatment as pre-filters or to support the medium that does the separation. Lignocellulosic such as empty fruit bunches have potential to be used as a low cost filter media as they represent unused resources, widely available and are environmentally friendly. Laboratory filtration tests were performed to investigate the potential application of empty fruit bunches that enriched with chitosan as a fiber filter media to remove suspended solids, oil and grease, and organics in terms of chemical oxygen demand from palm oil mill effluent. The present paper studies the effect of chitosan concentration on the filter media performance. Bench-scaled experiment results indicated that pre-treatment using the fiber filtration system removed up to 67.3% of total suspended solid, 65.1% of oil and grease and 46.1% of chemical oxygen demand. The results show that the lignocellulosic fiber filter could be a potential technology for primary wastewater treatment.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:composite materials, suspensions, fibre reinforced composites, multilayers; reinforced polymers and polymer-based composites, emulsions and suspensions, dispersion-, fiber-, and platelet-reinforced metal-based composites, multilayers
Subjects:Q Science
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:27117
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:27 Jul 2012 07:19
Last Modified:27 Jul 2012 07:19

Repository Staff Only: item control page