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Preparation of polyaniline asymmetric hollow fiber membranes and investigation towards gas separation performance

Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and H., Hasbullah and S., Kumbharkar and K., Li (2010) Preparation of polyaniline asymmetric hollow fiber membranes and investigation towards gas separation performance. Journal of Membrane Science, 366 (1). pp. 116-124. ISSN 0376-7388

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2010.09.050

Abstract

In this study, integrally skinned asymmetrichollowfibermembranes have been developed from emeraldine base form of polyaniline (PAni) for gasseparation. High molecular weight PAni was synthesized in-house to provide the fresh supply of the polymer. The hollowfibermembranes were prepared using dry-jet wet spinning and the effects of air-gap distance on nascent fiber morphology, their gas permeation and mechanical properties were investigated. The spin-line stresses resulted in the molecular orientation of the polymer which had synergistic effect towards improving the gasperformance of the PAni hollowfibermembranes. The induced molecular orientation also resulted in improvement in mechanical properties of the hollowfibermembrane. The use of volatile co-solvent, tetrahydrofuran (THF) assisted in the skin layer formation which showed a substantial improvement in the gas permeation performance of the hollowfiber as the time of evaporation was varied. Present PAni based hollowfibers showed a selectivity of 10.2 for O2/N2, 105.6 for H2/N2 and 7.9 for H2/CO2 with the H2 and O2 permeance of about 5.0 and 0.49 × 10-6 cm3 (STP)/cm2 s cmHg, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:polyaniline, gasseparation, asymmetricmembrane, hollowfibermembrane
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Petroleum and Renewable Energy Engineering
ID Code:26619
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:18 Jul 2012 03:36
Last Modified:06 Aug 2012 04:51

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