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Rheology and thermal transition state of polyvinyl alcohol-cassava starch blends

Rahmat , Abdul Razak and Wan Abdul Rahman, Wan Aizan and Abd Samad, Adlina and Z. Y., Sun and L. T., Sin (2010) Rheology and thermal transition state of polyvinyl alcohol-cassava starch blends. Carbohydrate Polymers, 81 (3). 737 -739. ISSN 0144-8617

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2010.03.044

Abstract

This communication focuses to unveil the molten behaviour of biodegradable polyvinylalcohol (PVOH) blending with native cassavastarch (CSS). Different percentages of CSS were blended with glycerol plasticized PVOH (PPV) to study the shear rate–viscosity at 190 °C and the thermaltransitionstate at 200 bar (20.265 MPa). The outcomes showed that the viscosities of PPV–CSS compounds reduced as the PPV composition increased. This indicates that the addition of PPV helps to improve the processability of thermoplastic starch compound. On the other hand, a higher percentage of CSS would disrupt the transition of specific volumes at the molten stage (160–180 °C) of PPV–CSS compounds. The transition was lowered due to the loss of crystallinity in PPV. It is postulated that injection moulding of PPV–CSS blends has lower volume shrinkage than PPV due to lower thermaltransition and crystallinity of the compounds.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:cassavastarch, polyvinylalcohol, rheology, thermaltransition
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:26579
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:18 Jul 2012 02:58
Last Modified:21 Aug 2014 01:24

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