Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Optimization of biomass usage for electricity generation with carbon dioxide reduction in Malaysia

Ab Muis, Zarina and Hashim, Haslenda and Abd Manan, Zainuddin and Mohd. Taha, Faridah (2010) Optimization of biomass usage for electricity generation with carbon dioxide reduction in Malaysia. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10 (21). 2613 -2617. ISSN 1812-5654

[img] PDF (Abstract)
72Kb

Abstract

Electricity and energy sector are identified as the major carbon dioxide emitter. Coal, natural gas, diesel, oil and hydro are the sources to generate electricity in Malaysia. In the 9th Malaysia Plan, government of Malaysia encourage power producer shift from heavy reliance on natural gas and enhance use of biomass. Agriculture residue; palm oil residue, rice processing residue and wood processing residue were considered as fuel sources to generate electricity in this study. An MILP model has been developed to optimize fuel mix and meet CO2 emission target. The model was developed and implemented in General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) for the fleet of electricity generation in Peninsular Malaysia only. In order to reduce the CO2 emissions by 35% from current CO2 emission level, the optimizer has specified to switch from coal to natural gas and biomass from palm oil residues as a fuel. Therefore, agriculture residue is a promising fuel sources for electricity generation at the same time reduce CO2 emissions.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:electricity generation, MILP, GAMS, CO, emission, biomass
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:26568
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:18 Jul 2012 02:53
Last Modified:20 Aug 2014 09:12

Repository Staff Only: item control page