Md. Yassin, Abu Azam and Md. Ali, Nasly and Merdhah, Amer Badr (2008) Solubility of scale formation in oil reservoir during water injection. In: Recent Advances: Scale Formation in Oil Reservoir During Water Injection. Penerbit UTM, Johor, pp. 24-35. ISBN 978-983-52-0594-6
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The injected fluid may not be compatible with the native pore fluid during treatment of reservoirs or waterflooding. This incompatibility results in chemical none equilibrium in the porous system. Ions in the source water may react with ions in the reservoir fluids to form solid precipitates downstream in the porous system to plug pore throats or to deposit onto pore walls resulting in porosity reduction. Precipitation of mineral scales causes many problems in oil and gas production operations such as formation damage, production losses, increased workovers in producers and injectors, poor injection water quality, and equipment failures due to under-deposit corrosion. The most common mineral scales are sulphate and carbonate-based minerals. However, scale problems are not limited to these minerals and there have recently been reports of unusual scale types such as zinc and lead sulfides (Collins and Jordan, 2003).
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||solubility of scale, high salinity, high barium, temperature effect|
|Subjects:||T Technology > T Technology (General)|
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
|Divisions:||Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)|
|Deposited By:||Fazli Masari|
|Deposited On:||30 Jul 2012 04:11|
|Last Modified:||05 Feb 2017 01:16|
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