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Mechanical, thermal, and morphological properties of polylactic acid/linear low density polyethylene blends

Hassan, Azman and Wahit, Mat Uzir and Balakrishnan, Harintharavimal (2010) Mechanical, thermal, and morphological properties of polylactic acid/linear low density polyethylene blends. Journal Oof Elastomers and Plastics, 42 (3). 223 - 239. ISSN 0095-2443

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0095244310362403

Abstract

Melt blending of polylactic acid (PLA) and linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) was performed to investigate the effects of LLDPE loadings on the morphology, mechanical and thermal properties of PLA/LLDPE blends. LLDPE was blended with PLA from 5—15 wt% and prepared by counterrotating twin-screw extruder followed by injection molding into test samples. The mechanical properties of the blends were assessed through tensile, flexural and impact testings while thermal properties were analyzed using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis. Scanning electron microscope was used to study the dispersion and particle size of LLDPE in PLA matrix. The impact strength of PLA improved by 53% with addition of 10 wt% LLDPE. However, the tensile modulus and strength, and elongation at break of PLA/LLDPE blends decreased with increasing weight ratio of LLDPE. Similarly, flexural modulus and strength also dropped with addition of LLDPE. DSC results showed that glass transition temperature (Tg) and crystallinity (X c) of PLA increased with blending of LLDPE. The LLDPE particles size was seen to increase with increasing loadings of LLDPE which explains the unexpected decrease of impact strength after 10 wt%.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:polylactic, acid, linear low density polyethylene, blends, toughen, co-crystallization
Subjects:Unspecified
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:26311
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:29 Jun 2012 08:07
Last Modified:03 Aug 2012 03:51

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