Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Mechanical performance of the annealed NiTi Shape Memory Alloy coating onto 316L stainless bio-steel

Abu Bakar, Tuty Asma and Rahman, M. and Dowling, D. P. and Stokes, J. and Hashmi, M. S. J. (2010) Mechanical performance of the annealed NiTi Shape Memory Alloy coating onto 316L stainless bio-steel. Defect and Diffusion Forum, 297 . 365 - 369. ISSN 1662-9752

[img] PDF
78Kb

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/DDF.2...

Abstract

This paper presents the mechanical performance of the annealed NiTi Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) coating deposited onto 316L stainless steel substrate The as-deposited SMA coating, Ni559 Ti441, showed an amorphous behaviour The crystalline NiTi (SMA) coating was produced byannealing the as-deposited NiTi with a thickness about 20 µm, at above its crystallisation temperature in a vacuum ambient The annealed NiTi coatings were characterised to determine the effect of the annealing parameters on their mechanical behaviour The NiTi phases and structures were determined by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) whereas the mechanical properties were measured using the Rockwell C adhesion test Three main phases; NiTi B2 parent phase, Ni3Ti and TiO2 were found in the annealed samples and the intensities of each phase were dependent on the annealing temperature and annealing time Each phase significantly affected the mechanical behaviour of the coatings Higher intensities of Ni3Ti and TiO2 phases were believed to contribute to the low adhesion of the annealed NiTi coatings due to their brittle properties The annealing parameters; 600 ºC for durations of 30 min was considered as the optimum parameter, yielding no fine cracks at the Rockwell C indentation interface compared to other samples at high magnification under the SEM Adding a hard top layer of TiN would potentially provide a hard coating with an interlayer capable of absorbing impact which would be very suitable for ball joints used in hip replacement therapy

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:NiTi, magnetron sputtering, annealing, rockwell C adhesion
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:26281
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:29 Jun 2012 03:44
Last Modified:23 Jul 2012 02:12

Repository Staff Only: item control page