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Mechanical behaviour of polymeric foam core at various orientation angles

Abd Rahman, Alias and Rejab, M. R. M. and Sani, M. S. M. and Noor, M. M. and Kadirgama, K. and Rahman, M. M. (2010) Mechanical behaviour of polymeric foam core at various orientation angles. WIT Transactions on the Built Environment, 112 . 429 - 438. ISSN 1743-3509

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2495/HPSM100401

Abstract

Polymeric foam is widely used as core materials in various applications such as cushioning, padding, insulating, structural use and buoyancy. This is because of its ability to provide high bending stiffness tied with lightweight in composite sandwich construction. The purpose of this paper is to present the behaviour of polyurethane foam, which is fabricated in various orientation angles. Five different orientation angles have been studied i.e. 0º, 30º, 45º, 60º and 90º. Three mechanical tests were performed under tension, compression and shear loads to investigate the polyurethane foam (PU) behaviour. Electron microscope was used to capture the microstructure of the specimens before and after the tests. Comparisons have been made between different orientation angles in fracture modes and mechanical properties. Deformation and failure occur during foam crushing are discussed according to experimental evidence. Since the main application of foam materials are for energy absorption, foam response under considerable compression has been studied intensively. At angle of 90º, it permits more localised failure with high-energy absorption and in contrary, 0º which posses the lowest of energy absorption. Energy absorption for PU foam material tends to increase when the orientation of angle is increased.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:polyurethane foam, cell orientation angles, fracture mode
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Geoinformation and Real Estate
ID Code:26240
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:29 Jun 2012 01:21
Last Modified:19 Aug 2014 01:29

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