Hassim, Mimi Haryani and Perez, A. L. and Hurme, M. (2010) Estimation of chemical concentration due to fugitive emissions during chemical process design. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 88 (3). 173 - 184. ISSN 0957-5820
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2010.01.006
Fugitive emissions are not an environmental concern alone, but are also a health concern. From occupational health standpoint, fugitive emissions are the main sources of origin of the continuous exposure to workers. Operating plants regularly measure release and concentration levels through a plant-monitoring program. However, for processes which are still ‘on paper’, predictive estimation methods are required. Therefore, three methods for estimating concentration of the fugitive emissions are presented for the process development and design phases of petrochemical processes. The methods estimate the fugitive emission rates and plant plot dimensions resulting to fugitive emission concentrations. The methods were developed for the type and amount of information available in three process design stages; conceptual design, preliminary process design, and detailed process design. The methods are applied on a real benzene plant; the estimated benzene concentrations are compared to the actual concentration measured at the plant. The results show that as the information mounts up during design, the concentration estimate becomes more accurate. The results indicate that the methods presented provide simple estimates of fugitive emission-based concentrations during the design stages.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||fugitiveemission, chemicalconcentration, occupational exposure, processdesign, process development|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Deposited By:||Liza Porijo|
|Deposited On:||28 Jun 2012 00:41|
|Last Modified:||23 Feb 2017 08:59|
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