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Comparative study on microbial removal in immersed membrane filtration (IMF) with and without powdered activated carbon (PAC)

Ujang, Zaini and Au, Y. L. and Nagaoka, H. (2002) Comparative study on microbial removal in immersed membrane filtration (IMF) with and without powdered activated carbon (PAC). Water Science and Technology, 46 (9). pp. 109-115. ISSN 0273-1223

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Abstract

This paper describes an investigation on the effect of microbial removal using IMF for high quality drinking water production. The comparison of IMF and IMF-PAC configuration was carried out in the study to highlight the importance of PAC in the system. The specific objective of this study was to study the effect of PAC adsorption in the IMF-PAC system particularly in removing microbial substances from contaminated raw water. A bench scale IMF-PAC configuration using a flat sheet microfiltration membrane was set up for experimental purposes. Experimentally, the result has shown high removal of microbial substances with the IMF-PAC system compared to IMF. The result of E.coli removal achieved was below the detectable level due to the microbial size, which is bigger than membrane pore size. The addition of PAC has shown a direct effect on total microbial removal. The adsorption of microbial onto PAC surfaces reduced the amount of smaller microbial present in permeate samples. As a conclusion, the configuration of IMF is a promising separation process in removing microbial substances, especially when the system is combined with PAC

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Immersed membrane filtration (IMF); microbial removal; microfiltration (MF); powdered activated carbon (PAC)
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:2610
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:14 May 2007 00:34
Last Modified:02 Nov 2010 10:00

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