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Synthesis of nano-nickel by a wet chemical reduction method in the presence of surfactant (SDS) and a polymer (PVP)

Haque, K. M. A. and Hussain, M. S. and Alam, S. S. and Islam, S. M. S. (2010) Synthesis of nano-nickel by a wet chemical reduction method in the presence of surfactant (SDS) and a polymer (PVP). African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 4 (5). pp. 58-63. ISSN 1996-0840

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Abstract

Nano-sized nickel particles have been synthesized by a bottom-up approach, using hydrazine as the reducing agent in the presence of an anionic surfactant - sodium-dodecyl sulphate (SDS). The effect of adding a cationic polymer -polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) with an anionic surfactant has been studied at two different temperatures; the rate of reduction increased as the reaction temperature was increased from 60 to 100°C. These nano-aggregated nickel particles were characterized by using SEM with EDX facilities, TEM and XRD. TEM characterization showed the presence of spherical Ni particles as fine as 10 nm in diameter. However, the SEM images showed a very spiky morphology; very small spherical shaped objects were clearly observed within these spiky structures. XRD studies show that the nickel crystals have fcc structure. The combination of SDS/PVP reaction produced nano-sized nickel particles which were much finer than the reactions where SDS was used on its own. PVP has shown some dispersion power and was found to be capable of preventing nickel particles from gradual agglomeration.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:bottom-up, SDS, PVP, 10 nm
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:26002
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:21 Jun 2012 07:19
Last Modified:21 Jun 2012 07:19

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