Ujang, Zaini (2006) Strategy and planning of sewage infrastructure for developing countries: experience of Malaysia. In: Municipal Wastewater Management in Developing Countries: Principles And Engineering. IWA Publishing, United Kingdom, pp. 46-68. ISBN 1843390302
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Sustainable sewerage services require an appropriate strategy and planning. It is a common phenomenon in developing countries where many master plans have been expensively prepared for sewerage infrasructures involving high cost of investment, without preparing a proper legal and financial framework to implement the recommendations and action plan. As a result the master plans remained in bookshelves, without being able to be effectively implemented. This chapter will illustrate an example of sewerage strategy and planning in Malaysia, focusing on non-technical matters and implementation strategies. Malaysia is a good case study because the country has experiences various stages of sewerage infrastructurw development, ranging from individual on-site systems such as septic tanks and latrines to conventional centralised sewerage systems. The development of instituitional and financial systems also could be used as a good case study for developing countries in improving public utilities. Examples will be given on specific measures and options, especially on the financial matters.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)|
|Deposited By:||Liza Porijo|
|Deposited On:||12 Jun 2012 04:38|
|Last Modified:||05 Feb 2017 03:48|
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