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Sustainable sanitation for developing countries

Ujang, Zaini and Henze, Mogens (2006) Sustainable sanitation for developing countries. In: Municipal Wastewater Management in Developing Countries: Principles And Engineering. IWA Publishing, pp. 1-16. ISBN 1843390302

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Ever since the Industrial Revolution in Europe, and rapid industrialisation in the United States and Japan, many innovations have been developed within water and wastewater management systems. The main purpose was public health and to protect the environment, in which water-borne diseases have been the major focus. The principal vehicle for transmission and spread of a wide range of water-related communicable diseases is human excreta (Feachem et al. 1982). In 2000, the estimated mortality rate due to water sanitation hygiene-associated diseases (schistosomiasis, trachoma, intestinal helminth infections) was 2,213,000 about 1 million deaths due to malaria (United Nationa World Water Development Report, 2003). In order to overcome water-related diseases (i.e. waterborne, water-washed, water-based, and water-related insect vectors) many approaches have been proposed over the past 200 years. In this book, the proposed approaches are known as 'conventional sanitation".

Item Type:Book Section
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:25785
Deposited By: Mrs Liza Porijo
Deposited On:12 Jun 2012 04:37
Last Modified:05 Feb 2017 03:49

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