Mohd. Razali Mahmud, (2006) Web-Based GIS for Electronic Charts. In: Hydrography Survey: Current Trends, Techniques and Applications. Penerbit UTM, Johor , 391 - 403. ISBN 978-983-52-0581-1
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In the last 50 years, thousands of maritime accident happened around the world (Figure 1). When ships have been doubled in size, waterborne commerce has tripled (NOAA, 1998). According to the statistics published by Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB), The MAIB received 1,485 accident and incident reports in 2002 (up 1.9% on 2001). Accidents to ships accounted for 609 (down 1.9%), with a further 636 involving accidents to people (up 1.7%). There are 240 hazardous incidents (near-misses) were reported, a sizeable 13.8% increase on 2001. Other than that, the annual reports of Malaysia Marine Department also shows the increasing number of marine accidents (Figure 2).The related organization believes that the current situation is not acceptable; representing a waste of life and result in unnecessary distress to families and survivors. The maritime and coast guard agencies around the world are now trying their best to reduce the industry’s poor safety record. While the vessels navigation is becoming increasingly demanding, the navigators need a more current and precise information as to ensure the maximum safety to the navigation.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Divisions:||Geoinformation Science And Engineering (Formerly known)|
|Deposited By:||Liza Porijo|
|Deposited On:||05 Jun 2012 04:21|
|Last Modified:||05 Jun 2012 04:21|
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