Md. Tarmizi, Nazirah (2006) The Needs of ECS For Safety Navigation Enhancement in Malaysian Ports. In: Hydrography Survey: Current Trends, Techniques and Applications. Penerbit UTM, Johor , 289 - 304. ISBN 978-983-52-0581-1
Official URL: http://www.penerbit.utm.my/bookchapterdoc/FKSG/boo...
Electronic chart is a new navigation aid that can provide significant benefits to maritime navigation safety and commerce. More than simply a computer graphics display, electronic chart system now can combines both geographical and textual data into a readily operational tool. As an automated decision aid capable of continuously determining a vessel’s position in relation to land, charted objects, aids to navigation and unseen hazard, electronic chart is a real time navigation system that integrates a variety of information that can be displayed and interpreted by mariner.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Divisions:||Geoinformation Science And Engineering (Formerly known)|
|Deposited By:||Liza Porijo|
|Deposited On:||05 Jun 2012 04:20|
|Last Modified:||04 Jun 2014 08:42|
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