Ghazali, Noorzalianee (2006) New challenge in automation pilotage system for stringent port navigation. In: Hydrography Survey: Current Trends, Techniques and Applications. Penerbit UTM, Johor , 305 - 315. ISBN 978-983-52-0581-1
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Official URL: http://www.penerbit.utm.my/bookchapterdoc/FKSG/boo...
The booming of GPS capability and reliability for the past two decades has brought the new era of modern navigation. Nowadays people are talking about sub-millimetre accuracy compare to centimetre in the past. This also has an impact to hydrography/marine society. Positioning and navigation at seas and rivers depend greatly on the guidance provided by GPS and DGPS. Unlike wide open seas, navigating at cramp, stringent water area like port and harbour always required more than positioning information but also several other parameter like tides, waves, the experience and competence of the pilot to navigate the ship to the berthing area. The research has as parts of its objectives, finding alternative approaches to accommodate lack of experience and overcome the problems that might be caused by the incompetence pilot during navigation in port areas. Basic regulations for port require local port pilot to be onboard piloting ships for berthing or departure. Though in some cases outsider pilot can request for exception but they need to apply and go through rigorous procedure. This procedure is to make sure the pilots are competent enough to overcome any difficulties in piloting the ships in stringent port area.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Divisions:||Geoinformation Science And Engineering (Formerly known)|
|Deposited By:||Liza Porijo|
|Deposited On:||25 May 2012 04:06|
|Last Modified:||05 Feb 2017 03:21|
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