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Physical properties of natural fiber composites derived from rice straw and high density polyethylene (RS/HDPE)

Wan Abdul Rahman, Wan Aizan and Dayangku Intan, Dayangku Intan and Sulaiman, Hanizam (2006) Physical properties of natural fiber composites derived from rice straw and high density polyethylene (RS/HDPE). In: Advanced In Polymer Technology I. Penerbit UTM, Johor , 71 - 86. ISBN 978-983-52-0603-0

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Abstract

High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) is one of the common polymers that have been used in the industrial sector. HDPE has been classified as Polyethylene (PE) group and differentiate by other PE based on their crystallinity and branching of the PE. HDPE are produced by insertion polymerizations with transition metal catalysts [1]. HDPE was first observed in 1954 by Karl Ziegler’s group in Germany and by Standard Oil and Philips Petroleum in the United States where the production started in 1957 in Germany, Italy and the United States [1]. Plastics come from oil, which were converted into small and tiny pieces called resin. Plastics come as a by-product of oil refining, and uses only 4% of the total world’s oil production. The most common of plastics containers are made from HDPE [2]. Compared to Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE), HDPE finds utility where hardness, rigidity and higher strength are important. HDPE containers generally have a low melt index usually less than 1.5 [2]. Compared to the other type of PE, HDPE has the highest density with the highest stiffness and lower permeability. These combinations of properties make HDPE suitable for many small, medium or even large liquid containment applications such as milk and detergent bottles, pails, drums and chemical storage tank [3]. Besides that, HDPE are widely used as the packaging materials, piping materials, food storage containers, trash cans and also toys.

Item Type:Book Section
Subjects:Unspecified
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:25682
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:25 May 2012 04:01
Last Modified:03 Jun 2014 04:11

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