Ibrahim, Mohd. Haniff (2006) Optical directional couples with variable spacing. In: Advances In Optical Waveguides. Penerbit UTM, Johor , pp. 103-116. ISBN 978-983-52-0668-9
Official URL: http://www.penerbit.utm.my/bookchapterdoc/FKE/book...
The directional coupler switch provides for the modulation of light in a waveguide by the transfer of the guided light to a similar adjacent guide. Complete power transfer occurs when the phase velocities in the two guides are perfectly synchronized and the interaction length is precisely the coupling length, Lc. this stringent tolerance is overcome by using a technique called stepped ?ß reversal . In GaAs, Leonburger et al  reported up to 99.7% cross-over using a metal-gap structure with two electrode pairs. Directional couplers with variable spacing  are directional coupler structures in which the channel separation varies the sample length. For telecommunication applications the device can be made to function as alternative to Y function  for variable power splitters and switches. The increased guide spacing gives benefit such as ease of fibre coupling and possible integration with other components.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering|
|Deposited By:||Liza Porijo|
|Deposited On:||25 May 2012 03:52|
|Last Modified:||03 Jun 2014 03:50|
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