Mahmud, Mohd. Razali and Md. Tarmizi, Nazirah and Abdul Jalil, Muhammad Ariff (2006) Development of a marina database model in Langkawi. In: Hydrography Survey: Current Trends, Techniques and Applications. Penerbit UTM, Johor , 377 - 390. ISBN 978-983-52-0581-1
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Official URL: http://www.penerbit.utm.my/bookchapterdoc/FKSG/boo...
The term ‘electronic chart’ is a collective name that covers many types of system displaying chart information on a computer screen. In many respect, electronic chart system is the first shipboard navigational device using the basic component of computer technology. As widely known, the nautical chart is the fundamental tool of marine navigation. It depicts water depths, aids to navigation, obstructions, traffic control schemes and other information critical to the safe and efficient use of the nation's waterways, and to the protection of marine environment. Currently, with the support of the advance technologies, maritime navigation has been greatly upgraded into electronic navigation.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Divisions:||Geoinformation Science And Engineering (Formerly known)|
|Deposited By:||Liza Porijo|
|Deposited On:||23 May 2012 07:41|
|Last Modified:||05 Feb 2017 03:32|
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