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Thermal behaviour of coal/biomass blends during co-pyrolysis

Ani, Farid Nasir and Darus, Amer Nordin and Hussain, Ahmad (2006) Thermal behaviour of coal/biomass blends during co-pyrolysis. In: Regional Postgraduate Conference on Engineering and Science 2006, 2006, Skudai, Johor.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3820(03)00112-7

Abstract

Investigations into the thermalbehaviour during co-pyrolysis of coal, biomass materials and coal/biomassblends prepared at different ratios (10:90, 20:80, 30:70 and 50:50) have been conducted using a thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) apparatus. Coal sample selected was Collie subbituminous coal from Western Australia, while wood waste (WW) and wheat straw (WS) were used as biomass samples. Three thermal events were identified during the pyrolysis. The first two were dominated by the biomasspyrolysis, while the third was linked to the coalpyrolysis, which occurred at much higher temperatures. No interactions were seen between the coal and biomass during co-pyrolysis. The pyrolytic characteristics of the blends followed those of the parent fuels in an additive manner. Among the tested blends, 20:80 blends showed the lowest activation energies of 90.9 and 78.7 kJ mol-1 for coal/WW and coal/WS blends, respectively. It was also found that the optimum blend ratio for pyrolysis of coal/WS to be 50:50 with a high degradation rate in all thermal events and a higher mass loss over the course of the co-pyrolysis compared to coal/WW blends examined. The reaction orders in these experiments were found to be in the range of 0.21–1.60, thus having a significant effect on the overall reaction rate. Besides the pyrolysis of coal alone, the 50:50 coal/biomassblends had the highest reaction rate, ranging from 1×109 to 2×109 min-1.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:coal/biomass, co-pyrolysis, kinetic
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:25547
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:20 May 2012 04:20
Last Modified:21 May 2012 04:38

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