Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Sources & causes of disputes : a guide to future contract drafters towards improving clarity to construction contracts

Othman, Norazam and Misnan, Mohd. Saidin and Lee, Cin Ying and Mohd. Yusof, Zakaria (2006) Sources & causes of disputes : a guide to future contract drafters towards improving clarity to construction contracts. In: International Conference on Construction Industry 2006, 2006, Universitas Bung Hatta, Indonesia.

Full text not available from this repository.


Although it is best practice if all projects are fully planned, changes in circumstances demand that flexibility must be maintained. Measures should ideally be those that can function in either expected or changed conditions, striking a balance between precision and flexibility. Thus specific clauses, enabling changes to be made to the specification, are inserted in contracts. However, the advantage of this contractual flexibility has been largely overshadowed by reports that variations are the cause for delays, disputes and conflict in the construction process. Some of the arguments’ centre upon the amount of compensation due, whether time or money. If these problems are to be reduced, then contracts should be drafted to reflect the needs of the parties in changing circumstances. This is made more pertinent by the nature of construction; both parties will certainly be locked in a relationship for a long period. Given bounded rationality and opportunism, it is more advantageous to provide the parties with the opportunity to negotiate over aspects of the contract that are inconsistent with their own (changed) requirements. The purpose of this research work is to determine the precise areas of contention over variations and to improve contract clauses by specifying a more flexible but enforceable contract drafting policy.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:construction contracts, disputes, variations kiv record
Divisions:Built Environment
ID Code:25489
Deposited By: Mrs Liza Porijo
Deposited On:20 May 2012 03:12
Last Modified:16 Oct 2017 04:37

Repository Staff Only: item control page