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Polymer electrolyte membranes for fuel cells by radiation induced grafting with electron beam irradiation : state-of-the-art

Nasef, Mohamed Mahmoud and Saidi, Hamdani and Mohd. Dahalan, Khairul Zaman (2010) Polymer electrolyte membranes for fuel cells by radiation induced grafting with electron beam irradiation : state-of-the-art. In: Second International Conference on Radiation Sciences and Applications (ICRSA 2010), 28 Mac-1 April 2010, Egypt.

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Abstract

Polymer electrolyte membranes have generated considerable interest in various fields of industrial interest due to their wide spread applications in fuel cells, batteries, electrolyzers sensors and actuators. Such diversity in applications implies a strong demand to architect the membranes towards particular properties for specific applications. Radiation induced grafting of vinyl and acrylic monomers into polymeric films, is an appealing method for producing various polymer electrolyte membranes. This method has the advantages of simplicity, controllability over the composition leading to tailored membrane properties and absence of shaping problem as preparation starts with substrate in a film form. It also has the flexibility of using various types of radiation sources such as gamma-rays and electron beam. Of all, electron beam (EB) accelerator is an advantageous source of high energy radiation that can initiate grafting reactions required for preparation of the membranes particularly when pilot scale production and commercial applications are sought. The grafting penetration can be varied from surface to bulk of membranes depending on the acceleration energy. This lecture reviews the-state of- the-art in the use of EB irradiation in preparation of composite and grafted polymer electrolyte membranes for fuel cell applications by radiation induced grafting with simultaneous irradiation and preirradiation methods. The use of simultaneous EB irradiation method was found to simplify the process and reduce the reaction time as well as the monomer consumption whereas the use of preirradiation method in a single-step route provides a shorter route to prepare polymer electrolyte membranes with improved properties and reduced cost in addition of setting basis for designing a continuous line to produce these membranes with dedicated EB facilities

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:polymer, radiation induced
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:24182
Deposited By: Mrs Liza Porijo
Deposited On:01 Aug 2012 04:27
Last Modified:15 Aug 2017 04:39

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