Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Error correction on iris biometric template using reed solomon codes

Saad, Puteh and Sim, Hiew Moi and Abd. Rahim, Nazeema and Ibrahim, Sabariah (2010) Error correction on iris biometric template using reed solomon codes. In: Asia Modeling Symposium 2010 (AMS 2010), 26-28 Mei 2010, Borneo Island, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah.

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Abstract

Pin number or password that is used for authentication can be easily attacked. This limitation triggered the utilization of biometric for secured transactions. Biometric is unique to each individual and is reliable. Among the types of biometric being used currently, iris is the most accurate and it remains stable throughout a person’s life. However the major challenge on iris and other biometric for authentication is the intra user variability in the acquired identifiers. Iris of the same person captured at different time may differ due to the signal noise of the iris camera. Traditional cryptography method is unable to encrypt and store biometric template, then perform the matching directly. Minor changes in the bits of the feature set extracted from the iris may lead to a huge difference in the results of the encrypted feature. In our approach, an iris biometric template is secured using iris biometric and passwords. Error Correction Code, ECC is introduced to reduce the variability and noise of the iris data. Experimental results show that this approach can assure a higher security with a low false rejection or false acceptance rate. The successful iris recognition rate using this approach is up to 97%.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:biometric, cryptography, decryption, encryption, iris
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions:Computer Science and Information System (Formerly known)
ID Code:23958
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:01 Oct 2012 04:40
Last Modified:01 Oct 2012 04:40

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