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Women as rulers phenomenon in Southeast Asian Islamic Society : the queens of Aceh

Ozay, Mehmet (2011) Women as rulers phenomenon in Southeast Asian Islamic Society : the queens of Aceh. In: International World Conference for Islamic History and Civilization (WOCIHAC 2011), 10-11th October, 2011., University Malaya.

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Abstract

This paper provides a brief explanation about the Era of the Queens (164H 699) during which four female rulers were raised in succession to the throne of Aceh Darussalam Sultanate. The era in question has not been a resounding research subject either in the context of Southeast Asian Islamic studies or general Islamic history. The Era of the Queens is worthy of study due to its contributions in terms of anthropological and cultural differences from the perspective of the Muslim world. Within this study, reasons for their placement in the power structure appeared to have influential elements in terms of education, socio-political environs and affiliations. This is a study that focusses on the role of women as ruling figures in an Islamic society which appears to be a very stimulative situation in that era. The queens were successful and played their roles well in order to continue retaining their power relations with other structural bodies within the sultanate. By possessing the required politically applicable opinions, the queens secured their places against the oppositions who persistently challenged them in the quest to wrestle for power. In relation to this context, this process of sustenance of power can be observed by the distributions of rights and incentives to various groups among the oppositions, in exchange for the Sultanah to continuously rule the state. Although women rulership during the second part of the seventeenth century in Aceh is considered by some circles as aberrant, however, it is a filet that these women rulers were in control of the power for nearly sixty years. This is seen as one ofthe unique practices in the Muslim world. Their accomplishment is the reason why these Acehnese female rulers ought to be regarded as political agencies who were subject to various challenges from the various entities allied with the different political, cultural and religious circles during these queens' reigns. In addition, this issue of power should be scrutinized based on the concept of reliance on relations between the center and periphery concept of distribution of power. This distribution seems to be under the control and direction of the former. The writer emphasizes the roles of these Acehnese queens in the context of remoulding the political structure in the Sultanate which is claimed to be a global constructive power entity during its heyday.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Aceh sultanate, queens of Aceh
Subjects:L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LA History of education
Divisions:Education
ID Code:19705
Deposited By: Ramli Haron
Deposited On:15 Dec 2011 16:26
Last Modified:16 Dec 2011 05:04

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