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The influence of desiccation and rehydration on the survival of polyembryonic seed of Citrus suhuiensis cv. limau madu

M. A., Makeen and M. N., Normah and S., Dussert and M. M., Clyde (2007) The influence of desiccation and rehydration on the survival of polyembryonic seed of Citrus suhuiensis cv. limau madu. Scientia Horticulturae , 112 . pp. 376-381.

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Abstract

A study was carried out to investigate the influence of desiccation and freezing followed by various presowing rehydration procedures on thedesiccation sensitivity of the seed of Citrus suhuiensis cv. limau madu. The freshly harvested seeds of limau madu were desiccated under a broadrange of relative humidity (RH) to various equilibrium water contents (g H2O g_1 dw). The desiccated and desiccated�frozen seeds were eitherdirectly sown under germination conditions or subjected to presowing rehydration procedures: seed preheating, prehumidification andosmoconditioning. The hydrated and desiccated seeds were sown in controlled germination conditions and the survival was evaluated 4�6weeks after sowing. The results showed that desiccation progressively reduced the percentage of normal seedling of the seeds of limau madu and the viability is almost lost at water contents below 0.08 g H2O g_1 dw. The estimated desiccation sensitivity was substantially high (WC50 = 0.143 g H2O g_1 dw) when the desiccated seeds were rapidly rehydrated (uncontrolled rehydration). In contrast, seed prehumidification, preheating and osmoconditioning (controlled rehydration procedures) markedly enhanced normal seedling percentages decreasing the estimated values ofWC50 (between 0.08 and 0.127 g H2O g_1 dw). While the rapidly rehydrated desiccated�frozen seeds were almost killed at water content of 0.15 g H2O g_1 dw, prehumidification and preheating have noticeably increased percentage of frozen seeds survival at the same water content. However, at water content of 0.21 g H2O g_1 dw preheating significantly (P < 0.05) increased percentage of normal seedling of the frozen seeds. Seed desiccation markedly reduced the percentages of germinated seeds with multiple seedlings. Seed controlled rehydration remarkably increased the survival of polyembryos. The beneficial effect of seed controlled rehydration on the survival of the desiccated seeds was pronounced at medium water contents (0.08�0.25 g H2O g_1 dw).

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:citrus suhuiensis, desiccation, freezing, rehydration
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions:Biosciences and Bioengineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:17868
Deposited By: Ramli Haron
Deposited On:25 Nov 2011 09:04
Last Modified:25 Nov 2011 09:04

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