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Land use planning system and housing development process in Malaysia

Rameli, Alias (2009) Land use planning system and housing development process in Malaysia. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Built Environment.

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Abstract

The role of land use planning system in housing development is not only to meet housing needs, but to also encourage the efficiency of the housing market system. The effectiveness of land use planning in Malaysia, however, is questionable due to the existence of housing oversupply. The shortcomings in the practice of housing planning have arguably contributed to the problem. The veracity of the argument has been proven in this empirical research conducted in the Johor Bahru Conurbation area. The research studied the effectiveness of the land use planning system measured in triangulation by examining the process of preparing development plans and the outcomes of planning control, followed by an analysis of the perceptions of respondents. Content analysis was applied to analyse selected structure plans, local plans and housing application files. The perceptions of town planners were analysed based on a structured questionnaire survey. To further explore the issues in the planning of housing supply, in-depth interviews were conducted with senior town planners. The research shows weaknesses occurring at several stages, beginning with the activities of housing forecast and formulation of housing policies, followed by the determination of land area and distribution of locations for future housing development. The situation was further exacerbated by the inefficiency of the local planning authority in approving new housing applications. The study also reveals several issues inherent in the processes of the planning of housing supply. Among them are the difficulty in considering and forecasting `effective demand’ for housing, vagueness of policies on housing control and the problems related to the compliance of land use zoning. The study also found that the ineffectiveness of the planning system occurred due to over emphasis on meeting housing needs, while ignoring other important aspects, i.e. households ‘effective demand’, housing preferences and local housing market demands. The findings of the research indicate an urgent need for a change in the approach and practice of housing planning in the development plans and planning control. This can be achieved with the improvement of current housing planning activities as well as through enhancing responsiveness of the local planning authority to market demand mechanisms without neglecting the fundamental goal of meeting housing needs

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information:Thesis (Ph.D (Perancangan Bandar Dan Wilayah)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2009; Supervisors : Assoc. Prof. Dr. Foziah Johar, Prof. Dr. Ho Chin Siong
Divisions:Built Environment
ID Code:16970
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:15 Mar 2015 02:20
Last Modified:05 Jul 2017 03:41

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