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Arsenic removal technologies for drinking water treatment

Ng, Kuan-Seong and Ujang, Zaini and Le-Clech, Pierre (2004) Arsenic removal technologies for drinking water treatment. Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology, 3 (1). pp. 43-53. ISSN 1569-1705

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:RESB.0000040054.28151....

Abstract

Arsenic contamination as a consequence of human activities such as mining and pesticide use is affecting the water resource quality worldwide. Because of the high risk of arsenic exposure, specific water treatment processes are required to meet the anticipated more severe water quality standards. Better understanding of presently available processes is necessary to develop economic, efficient and effective methods for arsenic removal. Arsenic could either be coagulated, adsorbed using a wide range of materials both mineral and organic or could be directly rejected by membrane processes such as reverse osmosis and nanofiltration. The recent development of submerged hybrid membrane systems, such as membrane bioreactor in wastewater treatment, offers alternative technologies for arsenic treatment. The membrane in hybrid systems allows a better phase separation between the particles binding the arsenic and the treated water. The effect of pH and contact time, and the existence of other ionic compounds must be taken into account when designing the system for optimum arsenic rejection. Further research on both hydraulic and removal performances of hybrid adsorption/membrane technology is still required to assess the full potential of this technology for arsenic removal.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:adsorption, arsenic, coagulation, hybrid system, membrane, removal
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:16144
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:31 Oct 2011 14:37
Last Modified:31 Oct 2011 14:37

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