Mohd. Supa'at, Abu Sahmah and Muhammad Ridzuan, Mohd. Ikhwan (2008) 4G and 5G communication technology in Malaysia. In: Wireless Communication Technology In Malaysia. Penerbit UTM , Johor, pp. 28-35. ISBN 978-983-52-0656-6
The rapid growth of wireless networks and services, accelerated by the third-generation mobile communication system, is ushering in the era of the fourth-generation mobile communication system and even further to fifth-generation. Wireless Communication systems are evolving to meet the ultimate goal, to allow ‘anywhere, anytime, anything, by anyone’ communication customized to a particular subscriber’s preferences, location, and social behavior at a very high data rates transfer . To reach this goal, much effort is still underway. Technologies employed by 4G may include SDR (Software-defined radio) receivers, OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing), OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access), MIMO (multiple input/multiple output) technologies, UMTS and TD-SCDMA. All of these delivery methods are typified by high rates of data transmission and packetswitched transmission protocols. 3G technologies, by contrast, are a mix of packet and circuit-switched networks .
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering|
|Deposited By:||Liza Porijo|
|Deposited On:||23 Aug 2011 05:37|
|Last Modified:||30 Apr 2013 03:50|
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