Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

DNA code word design for DNA computing with real-time polymerase chain reaction

Ibrahim, Zuwairie and Mohamed Saaid, Muhammad Faiz and Khalid, Marzuki and Sarmin, Nor Haniza (2009) DNA code word design for DNA computing with real-time polymerase chain reaction. Journal of Computer Science, 5 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 15493636

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Abstract

Problem statement: A number of DNA computing models to solve mathematical graph problem such as the Hamiltonian Path Problem (HPP), Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP), and the Shortest Path Problem (SPP), have been proposed and demonstrated. Normally, the DNA sequences used for the computation should be critically designed in order to reduce error that could occur during a computation. We have proposed a DNA computing readout method tailored specifically to HPP in DNA computing using real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). The DNA sequences were designed based on a procedure and DNASequenceGenerator was employed to generate the sequences required for the experiment. The drawback of the previous approach is that a pool of DNA sequences need to be generated by DNASequenceGenerator before the selection is done manually, based on several design constraints. Hence, an automatic and systematic approach is needed to generate the DNA sequences based on design constraints. Approach: In this study, a generate-and-test approach was proposed for the same problem subjected to several design constraints. The generate-and-test algorithm consists of two main levels. The first level considered the basic constraints of DNA sequence design, which were melting temperature, GC-percentage, similarity, continuity, hairpin, and H-measure. This was followed by the second level that includes specific constraints formulated based on 5 rules, which had been used in previous study. A generated sequence was chosen only if the sequence satisfies all the basic and specific constraints. Results: Sequences designed by generate-and-test approach have higher H-measure value than sequences generated by DNASequenceGenerator. However, the generated sequences show lower value for similarity as well as for additional constraints compared to sequences designed by DNASequenceGenerator. Conclusion: The generated DNA sequences were better compared to the sequences, btained from DNASequenceGenerator.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:DNA computing, generate-and-test, real-time polymerase chain reaction, TaqMan probes
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions:Science
ID Code:13360
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:04 Aug 2011 07:29
Last Modified:04 Aug 2011 07:29

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