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Theoretical studies on structural and electrical properties of PES/SPEEK blend nanofiltration membrane

Ismail, A. F. and Lau, W. J. (2009) Theoretical studies on structural and electrical properties of PES/SPEEK blend nanofiltration membrane. AIChE Journal , 55 (8). pp. 2081-2093. ISSN 0001-1541

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.11821

Abstract

Polyethersulfone (PES) nanofiltration membranes were prepared using a simple dryjet wet spinning technique with different contents of sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (SPEEK) ranging from 0 to 4 wt %. The structural parameters (rp and Ak/dx) and electrostatic properties (? and X) of the blend membranes were deduced by employing the combination of irreversible thermodynamic model, steric hindrance pore (SHP) model, and Teorell-Meyer-Sievers (TMS) model. The modeling results obtained have been analyzed and discussed. The mean pore radius and pore size distribution of the blends were also determined based on the theoretical models. The results showed that pore radius increased with increasing the concentration of SPEEK from 0 to 2 wt % but decreased with a further increase in SPEEK content. The water flux, however, showed a systematically increase with increasing SPEEK content. The SPEEK also showed significant effect on membrane electrical properties. Both effective charge density and ratio of effective charge density to electrolyte solution increased with increasing concentration of SPEEK in the dope solution, reaching a value of-21.02 and-2.29, respectively. The pore radius which was determined by using different transport models has also been analyzed and discussed. It is found that the addition of SPEEK into dope solution is one of the paramount parameters in developing the negatively charged nanofiltration membrane with enhanced water flux while retaining the pore radius in the nanometer range.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:membrane separation, nanofiltration, steric-hindrance pore model, sulfonated poly (ether ether ketone), teorell-meyer-sievers model
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:13149
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:20 Jul 2011 09:42
Last Modified:20 Jul 2011 09:42

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