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Phylogeny of the spiny african daisies (Compositae, tribe arctotideae, subtribe gorteriinae) based on trnL-F, ndhF, and ITS sequence data

Funk, V. A. and Chan, Raymund (2008) Phylogeny of the spiny african daisies (Compositae, tribe arctotideae, subtribe gorteriinae) based on trnL-F, ndhF, and ITS sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics And Evolution, 48 (1). pp. 47-60. ISSN 1055-7903

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2008.03.035

Abstract

The tribe Arctotideae (African Daisies), of the flowering plant family Compositae (Asteraceae), is a diverse and interesting group with a primarily southern African distribution (ca. 13 genera, 215 species) and many species in the Cape Floristic Region. It is divided into two subtribes: Arctotidinae (ca. 5 genera, 85 species) and Gorteriinae (ca. 8 genera, 130 species). The monophyly of the genera within the subtribe Gorteriinae and their relationship to one another was investigated using 71 samples/212 sequences including 64/141 of which are newly reported from three phylogenetic markers, two from chloroplast DNA (trnL-F and ndhF) and one from the nuclear genome (ITS). The outgroup was composed of seven members from the sister subtribe. Results show the subtribe Gorteriinae to be divided into three monophyletic groups, the Gazania-Hirpicium-Gorteria group, the Didelta group, and the Berkheya-Cullumia group. Within these three groups are 13 sub-groups, one of which has sub-clades. The genus Berkheya Ehrh. is paraphyletic, falling into five different sub-groups. The two monotypic genera, Cuspidia and Heterorhachis are not nested within any of the Berkheya clades. Hirpicium and Cullumia each have most of their taxa in a monophyletic group, but they also have one or two taxa associated with other clades. Four of the five sub-groups of Berkheya have morphologically recognizable shared characters, such as habit and spines that have been recognized by past studies. However, the grouping of one species with Didelta is difficult to explain. Support for the major clades and most of the sub-groups is strong but the relationships among some of the terminal taxa are variable.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:asteraceae, cichorioideae, cape floristic region, paraphyly, Southern Africa, ITS, ndhF, trnL-F
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Biosciences and Bioengineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:12863
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:05 Jul 2011 01:12
Last Modified:05 Jul 2011 01:12

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