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Roles of Pt seeds and chloride anions in the preparation of silver nanorods and nanowires by microwave-polyol method

Tsujia, Masaharu and Matsumoto, Kisei and Jiang, Peng and Matsuo, Ryoichi and Tang, Xin-Lin and Kamarudin, Khairul Sozana Nor (2008) Roles of Pt seeds and chloride anions in the preparation of silver nanorods and nanowires by microwave-polyol method. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects , 316 (1-3). 266 -277. ISSN 0927-7757

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2007.09.014

Abstract

Silver (Ag) nanomaterials with well-defined crystal structures have been rapidly synthesized in three minutes by a microwave (MW)-polyol method. Various precursors such as H2PtCl6 and Pt(acac)2 have been used to detect real roles of Pt seeds and anions for the formation of the Ag nanomaterials. Furthermore, effect of Cl- anions to final morphologies of the Ag nanostructures has also been explored by pre-adding Cl- precursor such as NaCl or KCl in the ethylene glycol (EG) solutions only including AgNO3 and poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP). The experimental results show that pre-formed metallic Pt seeds are probably not responsible for nucleation and subsequent evolution of 1D Ag products, but Cl- ions indeed influence the formation of the 1D Ag nanostructures as well as perfect crystallization of other Ag nanoparticles with well-defined crystal structures including single- and twinned-FCC crystals. It has been further evidenced that the presence of Cl- ions can accelerate re-dissolution of formed spherical Ag particles and is favorable to the growth of the 1D Ag and other Ag nanostructures with well-defined crystal structures such as single-crystal cubes and twinned bi-pyramids in the MW-assisted polyol reduction process. At the same time, it also indicates that H2PtCl6 probably does not act as a nucleation agent for the 1D Ag products but as a precursor of Cl- ions to affect final morphologies of the Ag products. Possible factors affecting shape-selected process of the Ag nanostructures have been discussed in detail.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:chloride anion, microwave heating, polyol method, Pt seeds, silver nanostructures
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:12745
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:27 Jun 2011 08:30
Last Modified:27 Jun 2011 08:30

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