Che Man, Siti Hajjar and S. Hashim, Azanam and Md. Akil, Hazizan (2008) Properties of styrene-methyl methacrylate grafted DPNR latex at different monomer concentrations. Journal of Applied Polymer Science , 109 (1). 9 -15 . ISSN 0021-8995
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.28047
The graft copolymerization of styrene and methyl methacrylate (MMA) on to deproteinized natural rubber (DPNR) latex was carried out. The effect of monomer concentrations on grafting efficiency, thermal and mechanical properties was studied. The synthesized graft copolymers were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and the highest grafting efficiency was found at 20 wt % monomer concentration. At low monomer concentration (10 wt %) the grafting was not significant and at 30 wt %, the grafting efficiency was slightly decreased. The thermal properties of graft copolymers were analyzed using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The degradation temperature (Tdeg) of the graft copolymer wasincreased with the increase in monomer concentration which indicates the improvement in thermal stability. The DSC result showed improvement in miscibility between the components as the monomer concentration increased. The mechanical properties of gum and filled modified NR were also investigated in terms of tensile strength, tensile modulus and elongation at break. The tensile strength and elongation at break decreased with an increase in monomer concentration while tensile modulus increased as the monomer concentration increased.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||DPNR latex, graft copolymerization, grafting efficiency, methyl methacrylate, styrene|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Deposited By:||Liza Porijo|
|Deposited On:||27 Jun 2011 01:58|
|Last Modified:||27 Jun 2011 01:58|
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