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Properties and structure of polypropylene/polyethylene-octene elastomer/nano CaCO3 composites

Hanim, H. and Fuad, M. Y. A. and Zarina , R. and Ishak, Z. A. M. (2008) Properties and structure of polypropylene/polyethylene-octene elastomer/nano CaCO3 composites. Journal Of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, 21 (2). 123 -140. ISSN 0892-7057

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0892705707083634

Abstract

Polypropylene (PP)-based nanocomposites were developed by the incorporation of a novel nano-sized precipitated calcium carbonate (NPCC) nanoparticles and polyethylene-octene elastomer (POE). The NPCC filler loading selected were 10 and 15wt.% while the POE contents were varied between 0 and 30 wt.%. A slight decrease in the tensile strength of the PP nanocomposites was observed with increasing NPCC content. Results of impact strength indicated that the NPCC filler imparted some toughening effects on the PP and PP/POE blends. Maximum impact strength enhancement was achieved for the PP when blended with 30wt.% POE and filled with 15wt.% NPCC. However, the essential property balance between toughness and stiffness was still lacking in the nanocomposites developed. Differential Scanning Calorimeter results showed that NPCC acted as a nucleating agent for PP, increasing the crystallization temperature of PP by approximately 9 degrees C.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:nano calcium carbonate, polypropylene-based nanocomposite, polyethylene-octene elastomer (POE), impact strength enhancement
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:12728
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:27 Jun 2011 01:58
Last Modified:27 Jun 2011 01:58

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