Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Optimisation of the hydrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch to glucose using RSM

Tan, Chiew Woon (2010) Optimisation of the hydrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch to glucose using RSM. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering.

[img] PDF - Submitted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

1670Kb
[img]
Preview
PDF
44Kb
[img]
Preview
PDF
57Kb
[img]
Preview
PDF
34Kb

Abstract

There is a growing incentive to identify alternative renewable energy sources. Among the sources, grains, plant matters (biomass) and their wastes are commonly been used for biofuel production due to their sustainability. Oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) is a type of lignocellulosic waste from palm oil mills. Fermentable sugars mainly the glucose from EFB can be further fermented for the production of bioethanol. This study aims to investigate the effect of dilute acid pretreatment and enzymatic treatment for the hydrolysis of EFB to produce optimum yield of glucose. Three parameters for the dilute acid pretreatment, namely the reaction temperature, acid concentration and reaction time whereas two parameters for the enzymatic treatment, namely the substrate concentration and treatment time were investigated to optimise the yield of glucose. Batch reactions were carried out under different combination of operational conditions as proposed by the experimental design produced by the Response Surface Methodology (RSM). RSM was used to determine optimisation for both the dilute acid pretreatment and enzymatic processes in order to obtain the highest glucose yield. An optimised glucose yield of 53.96 % was obtained at the operating condition of 130 °C pretreatment temperature, 6 %w/w sulphuric acid concentration, 37 min of pretreatment time and 96 hours of enzymatic treatment using 6 %w/v of substrate concentration. The optimised yield has also been validated through experiment work.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Supervisor : Assoc. Prof. Dr. Lee Chew Tin
Uncontrolled Keywords:hydrolysis, oil palm empty fruit bunch, glucose, RSM
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:12669
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:21 Jun 2011 10:01
Last Modified:14 Nov 2013 08:52

Repository Staff Only: item control page