Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Mechanical properties of benzoylated oil palm empty fruit bunch short fiber reinforced poly(vinyl chloride) composites

Abu Bakar, Aznizam and Baharulrazi, Norfhairna (2008) Mechanical properties of benzoylated oil palm empty fruit bunch short fiber reinforced poly(vinyl chloride) composites. Polymer-Plastics Technology And Engineering, 47 (10). pp. 1072-1079. ISSN 0360-2559

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03602550802367300

Abstract

The influence of untreated and benzoylated oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) short fiber loading on the mechanical properties of the poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) composite was studied. Benzoylated OPEFB was produced by mixing OPEFB with NaOH solution and agitating vigorously with benzoyl chloride. The PVC resin, various additives, and OPEFB were first dry blended using a laboratory mixer before being milled into sheets on a two-roll mill at 165 degrees C and then hot pressed into composite samples at 180 degrees C. The tensile and impact strength of untreated and benzoylated OPEFB composites decreased whereas the tensile modulus increased with increasing fiber loading from 0 to 40 phr. However, the benzoylated OPEFB was able to improve the tensile properties and impact strength of composites when compared to the untreated fiber. The enhancement of mechanical properties showed that the treatment improved the OPEFB fiber-PVC matrix interfacial adhesion. The improvement of adhesion was clarified by SEM micrographs, the increase of water resistance, and the reduction of glass transition temperature of the composites.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:benzoylation surface treatment, composite, mechanical properties, oil palm empty fruit bunch, poly(vinyl chloride)
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:12630
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:15 Jun 2011 05:20
Last Modified:15 Jun 2011 05:20

Repository Staff Only: item control page