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Iron and carbon metabolism by a mineral-oxidizing Alicyclobacillus-like bacterium

Yahya, Adibah E. and Hallberg, Kevin B. and Johnson, D. Barrie (2008) Iron and carbon metabolism by a mineral-oxidizing Alicyclobacillus-like bacterium. Archives of Microbiology , 189 (4). 305 -312. ISSN 0302-8933

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00203-007-0319-5

Abstract

A novel iron-oxidizing, moderately thermophilic, acidophilic bacterium (strain "GSM") was isolated from mineral spoil taken from a gold mine in Montana. Biomolecular analysis showed that it was most closely related to Alicyclobacillus tolerans, although the two bacteria differed in some key respects, including the absence (in strain GSM) of ?-alicyclic fatty acids and in their chromosomal base compositions. Isolate GSM was able to grow in oxygen-free media using ferric iron as terminal electron acceptor confirming that it was a facultative anaerobe, a trait not previously described in Alicyclobacillus spp.. The acidophile used both organic and inorganic sources of energy and carbon, although growth and iron oxidation by isolate GSM was uncoupled in media that contained both fructose and ferrous iron. Fructose utilization suppressed iron oxidation, and oxidation of ferrous iron occurred only when fructose was depleted. In contrast, fructose catabolism was suppressed when bacteria were harvested while actively oxidizing iron, suggesting that both ferrous iron- and fructose-oxidation are inducible in this acidophile. Isolate GSM accelerated the oxidative dissolution of pyrite in liquid media either free of, or amended with, organic carbon, although redox potentials were significantly different in these media. The potential of this isolate for commercial mineral processing is discussed.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:acidophile, alicyclobacillus, firmicute, iron oxidation, iron reduction, mixotroph, pyrite
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions:Science
ID Code:12606
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:14 Jun 2011 05:19
Last Modified:14 Jun 2011 05:19

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