Noh, Mohamad Zaky and Hussain, Luay Bakir and Ahmad, Zainal Arifin (2008) Alumina-mild steel friction welded at lower rotational speed. Journal of Materials Processing Technology , 204 . 279-283 . ISSN 0924-0136
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.11.100
The joining of ceramic-metal can be done using different techniques such as brazing, diffusion bonding, and friction welding. However, the mechanism of ceramic-metal joining has still not been fully understood. In this study, an alumina rod was bonded to a mild steel rod via the friction welding technique by using an Al 1100 sheet as an interlayer. The diameters of the rods were both 10 mm, respectively. A friction pressure of 20 MPa and a forging pressure of 40 MPa were used. Rotational speed was maintained at 900 rpm and friction times from 2 to 20 s were applied. The joining strength was determined through a four point bending test. The maximum bending strength, 240 MPa was obtained when the friction time of 20 s was used. Under optical microscope and scanning electron microscope observation, the bonding aluminum interface was clearly obtained. Mechanical interlocking and close contact between the alumina-aluminum and aluminum-mild steel were observed at magnifications of 3000×. The strength of alumina-steel bonding is much dependent on the wettability of the alumina surface by the partially molten aluminum interlayer and the existence of mechanical interlocking between the interlayer and mild steel.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||alumina-mild steel, friction welding, interlayer materials, rotational speed|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Deposited By:||Liza Porijo|
|Deposited On:||03 Jun 2011 05:20|
|Last Modified:||22 Jul 2011 09:31|
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