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Carving motifs in timber houses of Kelantan and Terengganu

Said, Ismail and Kamarudin, Zumahiran (2009) Carving motifs in timber houses of Kelantan and Terengganu. In: South East Asian Technical Universities Consortium(SEATUC) - 3rd SEATUC Symposium Proceeding, 25th - 26th February 2009, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

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Abstract

Prominent timber houses of Kelantan and Terengganu are adorned with decorative carved components depicted in motifs of flora, geometry and Arabic calligraphy. Consistency in patterns of motif, particularly flora, results to establishment of identity to the vernacular architecture of northeastern region of Peninsular Malaysia. This paper presents an analytical study of the visual forms of motifs of carved components in the houses of Kelantan and Terengganu which denotes its significant attributes and uses. Carvings of nine houses in Kelantan and four houses in Terengganu were analyzed by interpreting 13 sets of carving measured drawings of the houses. The drawings were obtained from Centre for the Study of Built Environment in the Malay World (KALAM) at the Department of Architecture in the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). Interpretation of motifs is based on meanings described in the texts accompanied the drawings and literatures of Malay woodcarving, and triangulated with narrations from the two woodcarvers. The analysis of the documents revealed that several types of carved components with distinctive motifs in two and three dimensional compositions were placed in certain orders within the fabrics of the houses. Wall, door and window ventilation panels, railings, gate panel and stringers are types of components characterized by the shape of perforation and incision with relief or non-relief carvings. These components were crafted in relation to the house form and architectural elements such as wall, door, window, stair and gate. The significant aspect of the placement of the carvings in the houses is that it enhances beautiful ambiance and signifies regional identity to the vernacular architecture of these two states.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:ISSN : 1882-5796; Hybrid Twinning Program 2008
Uncontrolled Keywords:timber, houses
Subjects:N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts Applied arts Decoration and ornament
Divisions:Built Environment
ID Code:12449
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:01 Jun 2011 10:10
Last Modified:13 Jun 2011 08:29

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