Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Asserting authorial identity through stance and voice: Expert vs. novice scientific writers

Hamdan, Nurul Naimmah and Ahmad, Ummul K. (2023) Asserting authorial identity through stance and voice: Expert vs. novice scientific writers. Arab World English Journal, 14 (2). pp. 360-377. ISSN 2229-9327

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol14no2.25


Successful scientific writers make use of various lexico-grammatical features to assert their authorial voice in ways that their target audience finds most convincing. While many studies have focused on the use of stance markers in scientific writing, very few have reported on the voice construction of Malaysian scientific writers. To address this, this paper reports a three-way comparative study of stance-taking made by Malaysian scientific writers, their international counterparts as well as novice writers. Analyses were conducted on a 1.2-million-word corpus of 212 published research articles written by local and international writers and 14 unpublished papers by local writers. Using Hyland’s (2005b) taxonomy of authorial stance markers, we found that both Malaysian experts and their international counterparts displayed similar patterns, albeit different approaches to stance-taking. In particular, Malaysian experts were found to prefer boosters the most when establishing their niche, while their international counterparts chose to use first-person plural pronouns and hedges for positioning their results. Novice writers, on the other hand, consistently showed a lack of strategies but tended to take an attitudinal stance in the discussion and conclusion segments. The differences found in novice and expert writers as well as between Malaysian writers and their international counterparts, point towards the complexity of stance-taking and stance-marking in research writing. This study shows that linguistics devices for marking attitudinal commitments towards propositions possibly mark individual aspects of voice and contribute to a broader conception of a writer’s self-representation within a text.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:authorial identity, novice vs. experts, scientific writing, stance-taking, voice
Subjects:H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions:Language Academy
ID Code:105206
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:17 Apr 2024 06:01
Last Modified:17 Apr 2024 06:01

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