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Effects of critical thinking disposition on foreign language proficiency in foreign language learning: Evidence from China

Xu, Ling and Abdullah, Tina and Liu, Qian and Mohd. Shahroom, Nur ‘Ain (2023) Effects of critical thinking disposition on foreign language proficiency in foreign language learning: Evidence from China. Arab World English Journal, SI (NA). pp. 189-205. ISSN 2229-9327

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/comm1.15


Critical thinking is among the variables that have recently become increasingly prominent in foreign language learning. However, there is a biased research focus on the role of CT skills, and empirical evidence on the relationships between CT disposition and foreign language learning is scant. This cross-sectional study aimed to bridge this gap by examining the effects of overall CT disposition as well as its sub-constructs (open-mindedness, perseverance, reflectiveness, inquisitiveness, and self-confidence) on foreign language proficiency. The study mainly discussed the research questions of how CT disposition was related to and to what extent it could predict learners’ foreign language proficiency. This research employed Pearson correlation analysis, regression analysis, and one-way ANOVA to analyze the data collected from a sample of 391 Chinese foreign language learners at Jiangxi Normal University and Zaozhuang University. The instrument adopted to assess the participants’ CT disposition was newly proposed in Chinese in the current study. The results demonstrated that both overall and sub-constructs of CT disposition were positively related to learners’ foreign language proficiency. Foreign language learners embracing different levels of CT disposition displayed significant differences in their foreign language proficiency. Except for perseverance, the other four dispositional traits (open-mindedness, reflectiveness, inquisitiveness, and self-confidence) toward CT were found to be significantly positive predictors of learners’ foreign language proficiency in the Chinese context. The positive impacts of CT disposition triggered in foreign language learning in the present research give an empirical grounding to the cultivation of foreign language learners’ CT dispositional factors to facilitate their foreign language development. Implications, limitations, and recommendations for future exploration and research were also discussed.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Critical thinking disposition, Chinese EFL learners, language achievement, foreign language proficiency, relationship, scale
Subjects:H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions:Language Academy
ID Code:105147
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:17 Apr 2024 04:02
Last Modified:17 Apr 2024 04:02

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